عسل هزاران سال است که مورد استفاده قرار می گیرد.
One of the first evidences related to honey harvesting was found in the city of Valencia, which is a petroglyph dating back to 8000 years ago.
The ancient Romans used it to heal their war wounds.
The Greeks considered honey as a healing medicine. In the 8th lunar century in Greece, regulations were established for bee breeding.
Hippocrates, the father of medicine and the founder of Greek medicine, said the following about honey 2,500 years ago:
Every medicine is made from food and then every food is a substitute for medicine, honey is the answer to these two conditions.
Ancient Egyptians used honey as a sweetener and a gift to their gods. The first record of keeping bees was discovered in the Temple of the Sun near Cairo.
In one of the Egyptian pyramids, they found a container containing honey, which has remained intact after several thousand years.
در دوران هخامنشیان نگهداری زنبور در ایران رواج داشته چون مردم به جای شکر از عسل استفاده میکردند.
Beekeeping in Iran has a long history and is one of the original and old professions of Iranians.
The bee-shaped bronze insect belonging to 800 BC, which was found in Lorestan and is now kept in the museum of Brussels, shows the age of familiarity of Iranians with this useful insect.
Abu Ali Sina prescribed many prescriptions based on honey and wax in her law book 1000 years ago.
The name of honey is mentioned in the inscriptions of the East and the Qur'an. In the Old Testament, the land of Palestine was often called "the land of flowing milk and honey".
In the Christian Bible, it is mentioned as a manifestation of abundance and blessing.
Characteristics of honey and its ingredients:
The sweetness of honey is due to the presence of fructose and glucose monosaccharides in it.
This substance has a special taste that makes some people prefer it over sugar and other sweeteners.
Due to the low amount of water in honey, most microorganisms do not grow in it. Within two minutes after consuming honey, many important elements enter the blood stream.
Honey ingredients include :
Salt of organic acids (malic, sweet, sorrel, citric and tartaric)
Known natural elements (iron, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, copper, sulfur, potassium, cobalt, germanium, gold)
Enzymes (invertase, diastase, amylase, phosphatase)
Vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, H, K, C, E)
Glucose quickly supplies a person's lack of energy. Fructose improves the contribution of glycogen in the liver. At the same time, Kaolin fights against fatty liver.
In addition, glucose and fructose provide the necessary energy for the heart muscle.
Honey can regulate the work of the nervous system, thus causing relaxation and relieving nervous tension.
Honey (especially the dark color) provides the body with iron, magnesium, copper, cobalt and a large group of vitamins.
What is raw honey?
Raw honey is the pure honey that is in the hive.
After extracting from the hive, they pour it on a cloth or nylon and remove impurities such as wax and dead bees.
After purification, raw honey is poured into bottles and stored.
Usually, other processes such as pasteurization and filtration may be performed on it before storage.
The difference between raw and regular honey:
These two are completely different and this difference is their quality.
Raw honey contains a wide range of nutrients and has more than 30 types of plant nutrients.
These are generally polyphenols that act as antioxidants.
Unlike raw honey, regular or commercial honey may have fewer antioxidants. which is due to the processing methods that are performed on it.
The dangers of eating raw honey:
Raw honey can contain bacterial spores. This bacteria is especially harmful for babies, children under one year old and pregnant women.
It may cause poisoning or in severe cases it may cause paralysis.
If you have side effects such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea after consuming raw honey, you should see your doctor immediately.
What is royal jelly?
Royal jelly is a milky secretion produced by worker bees. This product gets its name from the fact that bees use it to grow and raise queen bees.
This gel usually contains the following ingredients:
60% to 70% water
12% to 15% protein
10% to 16% sugar
3% to 6% fat
2% to 3% vitamins
Salts and amino acids
The composition of royal jelly varies depending on geography and climate.
Some people use royal jelly as medicine. Royal jelly should not be confused with bee pollen or bee venom. It is also called Royal Shah Engbin gel.
What is Angbin?
Engbin has two general and specific meanings. Its general meaning is the same as the Arabic meaning of honey, and its specific meaning is related to nectar or plant extract.
In some sources, the word Angbin is also called by other names, such as:
This extract or gum is a sugary, white substance with a sweet and very desirable taste.
Engbin is a sweet gum that naturally forms on thorny shrubs.
These materials have been used in ancient times as healing medicine, elixir for longevity and tonic food for health and vitality.
Angbins have the best kind of nutrients and vitamins and minerals in their hearts.
Therefore, in traditional medicine, Angbin is used to treat many different diseases and it is called as the elixir of youth.
Engbin gets more properties by combining with the gum of the goon plant and turning into honey.
عسل انگبین از مقوی ترین و بهترین نوع عسل های موجود در بازار است که شناخت آن اهمیت زیادی دارد.
In general, the benefits and properties of Angbin can be mentioned as follows:
One of the best treatments for respiratory problems and chest and lung pains
It strengthens and improves digestive problems, food elimination, problems related to stomach ulcers and intestinal laziness.
A strong laxative for people dealing with problems such as constipation, hemorrhoids or irritable bowel.
Reduces body heat and improves thirst
An excellent antibiotic and anti-fungal and anti-infection medicine for the body
Liver purifier and eliminates diseases such as fatty liver or high blood cholesterol
Improving symptoms of poisoning in the body
A very powerful substance to prevent cancer
Energizing and compensating for the lack of body food energy
Strengthens saliva and internal glands
Helping heart health by eliminating negative cholesterol in the blood and widening the body's capillaries
What is propolis?
Propolis is commonly known as "bee glue," which is a generic name that refers to the resinous substance accumulated by bees from various types of plants.
Honey propolis is a sticky substance that bees collect around the hive to prevent cold from entering.
It has many uses and benefits for bees:
Sealing holes, hive cracks
Smoothing the inner surface of the hive
Maintaining the internal temperature of the hive (35 degrees Celsius)
Prevent the invasion of predators
Propolis is the third most important bee product and contains the following compounds:
Essential fatty acids (10%)
Other organic compounds (5%)
Vitamins B1, B2, B6, C and E
Useful minerals such as magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), potassium (K), sodium (Na), copper and zinc
Scientifically, beeswax is a natural substance secreted by worker bees from the glands in their abdomen.
The wax is approximately 3 mm in diameter and 1/10 mm thick.
The wax has a light golden yellow color. This beautiful color is obtained from pollen and propolis.
Due to the presence of flower pollen in wax, it may cause allergic reactions for some people.
Be careful not to confuse this product with Shah Engbin, which is another bee product.
Application of wax:
Beeswax has much wider applications than other products.
In the past, beeswax was especially valuable for candle making.
It was also used for modeling and casting.
But today, its use in medical and therapeutic purposes has attracted the attention of many scientists.
Properties of beeswax:
Treatment of cracks on the body
Treatment of skin infections and skin itching
Relieve joint pain
Improve liver problems
Lowering blood cholesterol
Treatment of hemorrhoids
Treatment of gout
The color and taste of honey depends on the nectar source (flowers) used by the bee d.
Its color varies from almost colorless to dark brown.
Light colors usually have a mild taste, but dark and black colors usually have a stronger taste.
The color of honey may change with the passage of time and exposure to heat. Honey that has been stored at a higher temperature has a darker color.
Spring honeys are usually pale
Light color usually has relatively more glucose, so it crystallizes faster.
The color of honey:
Acacia honey: white
Thyme honey: amber
Katira honey: bright yellow
Maple honey: red
Red clover honey: red
Dandelion honey: dark yellow
Fir honey: dark
Orange spring honey: golden yellow
Mazandaran war honey: greenish
Buckwheat honey: dark brown
Standardization and certification is an important issue for consumers, by checking the label of purchased honey, you can trust its quality and source.
The factors that make up honey standards are:
Composition and quality factors:
It should not contain any food other than honey.
It should not be fermented.
No pollen or its ingredients should be removed.
Not processed hot.
Do not add sugar to it.
Bees should not be fed during production.
Do not add water to it.
Original label and description:
Honey labeled from one flower source cannot be mixed with another.
In the description of the source: Botany, the source of the dominant flower and the geographical source should be mentioned.
Free of heavy metals
Compliance with the general principles of food hygiene
Store in a cool place away from direct sunlight and in a closed container.
Avoid storing in metal containers because it causes oxidation.
Do not put in the refrigerator. If you refrigerate it, you will have to heat it up to return to the liquid state.
Do not expose to extreme heat and humidity.
Normal room temperature is sufficient for storage.
Due to the high amount of sugar, honey is one of the most stable natural foods
It has a very long shelf life, which depends on how it is produced.
It may lose some of its flavor over time, although it doesn't mean it's ruined.
Classification of honey:
There are different ways to classify honey and each of them is used for specific purposes.
Among the classification methods are:
Flower honey is produced by bees in the process of collecting and processing the nectar of flowering and non-flowering plants.
Single flower: bees use mainly one type of plant.
A few flowers: There are various plants, bushes and trees that bees use. Sources: healthline و honey و thespruceeats و heathmonthoney